It is important to know if you are at high risk for developing squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
Risk factors include:
- Alcohol use
- Diabetes and immunosuppression
- Exposure to the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
- Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection
- Having precancerous lesions
- Radiation exposure
- Tobacco use
- Wood and nickel work
To prevent your risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, you should:
- Protect yourself from HPV by reducing your number of sexual partners and using condoms. An HPV vaccine is now available for young women, men and adolescents.
- Stop smoking.
- Stop or limit alcohol.
- Eat a balanced diet that includes lots of fruits and vegetables.