Penn Medicine’s Kidney Stone (Nephrolithiasis) Clinic was established for the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of all types of kidney stone disease, including calcium and mineral disorders. We offer a multidisciplinary approach to care combining the expertise of a diverse group of health care professionals, including urologists, nephrologists, and radiologists, with metabolic and dietary specialties to assess risks that may be responsible for stone formation.
A kidney stone is a hard crystal that forms in the kidney. Kidney stones may
be comprised of various substances with the most common containing calcium.
Kidney stones vary in size and once formed, may stay in the kidney or break
loose and travel down the urinary tract. The stone may move out of the body in
the urine unnoticed or it may cause a back up of urine in the kidney, ureter,
bladder, or urethra, resulting in extreme pain.
There are many risk factors that contribute to the formation of kidney
stones. While men are more likely than women to develop kidney stones, the
prevalence and incidence in both has been steadily rising. Causes and risk
A kidney stone may not cause symptoms until the stone moves within the
kidney or passes into the ureter. Pain caused by a kidney stone may come in
waves, increasing and decreasing in severity, and change locations as the stone
moves through the urinary tract. Symptoms include:
If a kidney stone is suspected, the following tests and procedures may be
performed in addition to obtaining a complete medical history and performing a
The Kidney Stone Clinic provides the latest technology and treatment options
delivered by physicians who are leaders in their field. Our innovative approach
to care provides individualized treatment plans that are customized to meet
each patient's unique needs. As a leader in the area of stone preventive care,
we offer a level of experience rarely available elsewhere. From the simplest
case to the most complex, our patients can rest assured that they are receiving
the best treatment possible.
Our experienced physicians implement best practices for the treatment of all
stone diseases. First we distinguish whether or not the patient's needs are
urological or nephrological. Urologists remove stones, and nephrologists are
mainly involved with preventing kidney stone growth.
Preventative services for kidney stone growth include careful management of
lifestyle choices and medications including:
Penn's Kidney Stone Clinic provides the latest advancements in treatment options for kidney stones and other mineral disorders.
Penn Kidney physicians provide expert evaluation, diagnosis and treatment for all types of kidney stone diseases.
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