Colon cancer is the second most common cancer in the United States among men and women; however, there is a 90 percent or greater chance that it can be cured if caught early.

Colon and rectal conditions are most often diagnosed using:

  • Diagnostic colonoscopy – This screening test can both detect and treat colorectal polyps and detect colon and rectal cancers. It is also crucial in determining the location of cancers when they do exist. A thin, flexible, lighted scope is inserted and guided into the colon to examine the lining of the colon. This is done as an outpatient procedure with sedation for comfort.
  • Endorectal/endoanal ultrasound – This office procedure uses sound waves to specifically define and stage some rectal cancers. The test may also be used to map the anal sphincters pre-operatively in those with fecal incontinence requiring repair. 
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – Our surgeons work with radiologists to diagnose and treat rectal cancer. A specific rectal-protocol MRI can be performed and interpreted at Penn to endure the patient is receiving the proper treatment plan for their disease. 

To learn more about colonoscopies and other cancer screenings, download our guide

When you're ready to schedule a colonoscopy, complete our secure online form or call 800-789-7366.

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