A general obstetrician can care for most pregnancies. However, sometimes having a baby is more complicated than usual. A pregnancy is considered high risk when there are potential complications that could affect the mother, the baby or both. These complications could exist prior to pregnancy, arise during pregnancy or emerge after pregnancy, and include:

  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes or other endocrine disorders
  • Infectious diseases
  • High blood pressure (hypertension) or preeclampsia (toxemia)
  • Kidney or gastrointestinal disease
  • Rare maternal genetic and other disease
  • Later age pregnancy
  • Genetic disorders
  • Placental problems
  • Multiple gestation pregnancies (twins, triplets, or more)
  • Recurrent preterm labor and delivery
  • Cervical insufficiency
  • Premature rupture of membranes
  • Recurrent pregnancy loss
  • Congenital abnormalities (birth defects)
  • Critical care needs

An MFM (maternal fetal medicine) specialist is an obstetrician who has received additional education (a fellowship) and can evaluate, diagnose and monitor high-risk pregnancies. Penn MFM specialists work to make high-risk situations less stressful for you, your baby and your family.

Our MFM specialists are nationally recognized leaders in all aspects of high-risk pregnancy care, medical education and perinatal research. They work together to provide prenatal ultrasound and out-patient consultative services at four locations:

  • Pennsylvania Hospital
  • The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
  • Chester County Hospital
  • The New Jersey Network (University Medical Center at Princeton, Shore Medical Center, Inspira Health System and Voorhees, NJ)

They also work closely with our obstetricians and medical/surgical specialists to manage complicated patients during labor at Pennsylvania Hospital and the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. 

In This Section

Prenatal Ultrasound and Antenatal Testing Services

Our prenatal ultrasound service brings you a team of Maternal Fetal Medicine specialists who take a hands-on approach and actively engage in the personal evaluation of your pregnancy.

Care Teams

Whether your risk occurs during your pregnancy, labor and delivery, or the post-partum period, our MFM specialists care for the unique needs of your growing family. Browse our list of physicians.

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