Penn Head and Neck Cancer specialists are experts in the evaluation and diagnosis of all types of hypopharyngeal cancers, including squamous cell carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), mucoepidermoid carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and lymphoma.
We offer the latest advancements in diagnostic tools and tests that provide the most accurate diagnosis. These tests and tools include:
- Physical exam and history
- Physical exam of the nose, face and neck
- Computed tomography (CT) scan
- Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
- Laryngoscopy: A procedure that can be done in-office to look at the larynx and hypopharynx for abnormal areas using a laryngeal mirror or a flexible laryngoscope that can be placed through the nose or mouth.
- Panendoscopy: A panendoscopy is also known as direct laryngoscopy, esophagoscopy and bronchoscopy. This procedure allows doctors to examine the entire area around the hypopharynx, including the esophagus and trachea while a patient is under general anesthesia. The doctor will use a laryngoscope to look for tumors in the mouth, nose, throat and voice box.
- Nasopharyngolaryngoscopy: A nasopharyngolaryngoscopy is a procedure that involves placing a flexible fiberoptic camera through the nose to see the surface of the larynx and hypopharynx and other structures of the throat, base of tongue (back of the tongue), the lower part of the tonsils and the lining of the throat. This procedure is not painful, and a local anesthesia is used to alleviate any possible discomfort.