Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) and Sarcoidosis Program
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a broad category of more than 200 chronic lung disorders characterized by scarring of the lung tissue. Most ILDs are very rare and some can be very serious conditions.
Sarcoidosis is a type of ILD caused by inflammation that leads to the development of tiny collections of inflammatory cells in different parts of your body. Though many cases resolve on their own, the inflammation can last for years and may lead to permanent damage.
The ILD and Sarcoidosis Program offers evaluation, diagnosis and management of all ILDs. Patients who qualify have the added advantage of participating in clinical trials of new and emerging treatments.
Accurate Diagnosis of ILD and Sarcoidosis
Receiving an accurate diagnosis of ILDs is often difficult due to large number of disorders, the similarity of symptoms to other diseases and the frequent lack of an identifiable cause. Studies have shown that the most accurate diagnoses occur when there is direct communication between a pulmonologist, radiologist and pathologist who are all experts in ILDs and sarcoidosis. Penn's diagnostic team includes specialists with extensive experience in diagnosing these diseases.
The diagnostic team can choose from a number of medical tests to accurately diagnosis your condition:
- Chest X-ray
- CT scan
- Exercise test
- Pulmonary function test
- Lung biopsy (non-surgical or surgical)
ILDs are often treated with powerful medications that may have serious potential side effects. Our team has comprehensive knowledge of available medications and treatments and is proficient in identifying the best treatment for you.
Extensive Understanding of the Scope of ILD and Sarcoidosis
Most ILDs develop gradually, but some disorders occur quickly. Common symptoms of ILDs include very severe shortness of breath and relentless coughing, and the cause of the disease is often difficult to discern.
When ILDs occur as part of a larger syndrome affecting the entire body (such as connective tissue disease), our team closely coordinates care with other specialists, including rheumatologists, dermatologists and cardiologists.
When needed, you also have access to Penn's Lung Cancer team and Lung Nodule Program.