Gleason OC. Delirium. American Family Physician, Mar. 2003: 67(5):1027-34.

Inouye SK, Bogardus ST Jr, Charpentier PA, Leo-Summers L, Acampora D, Holford TR, Cooney LM Jr. A multicomponent intervention to prevent delirium in hospitalized older patients. New England Journal of Medicine. 340(9):669-76.

Inouye SK, van Dyck CH, Alessi CA, Balkin S, Siegal AP, Horwitz RI. Clarifying confusion: the confusion assessment method. A new method for detection of delirium.[see comment]. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1990; 113(12).


Karlawish JHT, Quill T, Meier D. A consensus-based approach to practicing palliative care for patients who lack decision-making capacity. Annals Intern Medicine 130:835-840, 1999.

Clarke CM and JHT Karlawish. Alzheimer’s Disease: Current Concepts and Emerging Diagnostic and Therapeutic Strategies. Annals of Internal Medicine 2003; 138(5): 400-410.

Knopman DS, DeKosky ST, Cummings, MD et al. Practice Parameter: Diagnosis of dementia (an evidence-based review). Neurology, May 2001: 56: 1143-1153.


Brown PJ, Rutherford BR, Yaffe K, Tandler JM, Ray JL, Pott E, Chung S, Roose SP. The Depressed Frail Phenotype: The Clinical Manifestation of Increased Biological Aging. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2016.

Taylor WD, Aizenstein HJ, Alexopoulos GS. The vascular depression hypothesis: mechanisms linking vascular disease with depression. Mol Psychiatry. 2013 Sep;18(9):963-74.


Eaton DA, Roland PS. Dizziness in the older adult, Part 1. Evaluation and general treatment strategies. Geriatrics. 2003; 58(4):28-36.

Eaton DA, Roland PS. Dizziness in the older adult, Part 2. Treatments for causes of the four most common symptoms. Geriatrics. 2003; 58(4):46, 49-52.

Ethics/Decision Making

Karlawish JHT, Casarett DA. Competency and decision-making capacity. In Sugarman J, ed. Twenty Common Problems. Ethics in Primary Care, 1st edition New York: McGraw-Hill Co. Chapter 18:225-237, 2000.

Karlawish JHT, Quill T, Meier DE. A consensus-based approach to providing palliative care to patients who lack decision-making capacity. ACP-ASIM End-of-Life Care Consensus Panel. American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1999; 130(10):835-40.


AGS/BGS Panel: Guideline for the Prevention of Falls in Older Persons. Journal of American Geriatrics Society. 2001:49:5:664-672.

Tinetti, M. Preventing Falls in Elderly Persons. New England Journal of Medicine. 2003; 348: 42-49.

Nutrition/Feeding Tubes

Teno JM, Gozalo P, Mitchell SL, Kuo S, Fulton AT, Mor V. Feeding Tubes and the Prevention or Healing of Pressure Ulcers. Arch Intern Medicine. 2012 May 14; 172(9): 697–701.

Sampson EL, Candy B, Jones L. Enteral tube feeding for older people with advanced dementia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. [abstract] 2009 Apr 15;(2):CD007209.

Finucane T, Christmas C, Travis K. Tube Feeding in Patients with Advanced Dementia: A Review of the Evidence. JAMA, October, 1999; 282(14):1365-1370.

Palliative Care

Youngwerth J1, Min SJ, Statland B, Allyn R, Fischer S. Caring about prognosis: a validation study of the caring criteria to identify hospitalized patients at high risk for death at 1 year. Journal of Hospital Medicine. 2013 Dec;8(12):696-701.

James A Tulsky. Beyond Advance Directives: Importance of Communication Skills at the End of Life. JAMA, July 20, 2005—Vol 294, No. 3 359-366.

Richard B Balaban. A Physician’s Guide to Talking About End-of-Life Care. JGIM, 195-200.


Guzzo TJ, Drach GW, Wein AJ. Forciea MA Medication Issues in Primer of Geriatric Urology (Eds) 2016 Springer-Verlag New York pg 33-42.

Steinman MA, Beizer JL, DuBeau CE, Laird RD, Lundebjerg NE, Mulhausen P. How to Use the American Geriatrics Society 2015 Beers Criteria-A Guide for Patients, Clinicians, Health Systems, and Payors. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015 Dec;63(12):e1-e7.

Pressure Ulcers

Thomas DR. Prevention and Treatment of Pressure Ulcers: What works? What doesn’t? Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, August, 2001; 68:8:704-722.

Sleep Evaluation & Management

Nalaka S. Gooneratne, MD, MSc, Michael V. Vitiello. Sleep in Older Adults: Normative Changes, Sleep Disorders, and Treatment Options. Clin Geriatr Med, (2014)

Urinary Tract Infection

Lutters M, Vogt N. What's the basis for treating infections your way? Quality assessment of review articles on the treatment of urinary and respiratory tract infections in older people. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2000; 48(11):1454-61.

Wood C Abrutyn E. Urinary Tract Infection in Older Adults. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, May 1998, 14:2:267-283.

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