Specialists at the Abramson Cancer Center use the latest tests and tools for diagnosing squamous cell carcinoma of the genitals.
Dianosing Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Genitals in Men
For men, if squamous cell carcinoma of the penis is suspected, a physician will perform a physical exam to look for signs and symptoms, or anything else abnormal. A biopsy may also be ordered, in which a sample of tissue is removed from the penis and examined under a microscope by a pathologist.
Dianosing Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Genitals in Women
For women, if squamous cell carcinoma of the vagina or cervix is suspected a physician will perform a pelvic exam and a Pap test (Pap smear). Up to 20 percent of vaginal cancers are found by a Pap test during cervical cancer screening.
A procedure called a colposcopy may also be performed. A colposcopy allows the doctor to check for signs and symptoms of squamous cell carcinoma. The procedure involves examination of the cervix and vagina using a colposcope, an instrument that allows the doctor to see a magnified view of the vagina. Then, another instrument called a speculum is placed in the vagina in order to help the doctor see the cervix.