Description of Research Expertise:
Peter Cronholm, MD, MSCE, FAAFP, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health. His research interests have focused on health services regarding: 1) integration of trauma-informed care and primary prevention strategies into systems of primary care; and 2) developing novel mixed methodologies and patient-centered outcomes into research paradigms. Dr. Cronholm serves as the Co-Director of the Mixed Methods Research Lab (MMRL: http://www.med.upenn.edu/mmrl/). The goal of the MMRL is to foster the use of qualitative and mixed methods research methodologies with a focus on integrating key stakeholder perspectives and goals into research designs. The MMRL is a University of Pennsylvania Service Center that supports investigators in the development of conceptual and methodological approaches for community-based and clinical research questions. Qualitative, mixed methods and action research are uniquely suited to capture the contextual, socio-cultural, and experiential factors that contribute to health disparities. Dr. Cronholm is an Affiliate Faculty member in the Graduate Program in Public Health Studies, a Senior Fellow in the Center for Public Health Initiatives, a Senior Scholar at the Leonard Davis Center for Healthcare Economics, an Associate of the Philadelphia Collaborative Violence Prevention Center, a Senior Fellow of the Center for Health Behavior Research, and an Affiliate of the Evelyn Jacobs Ortner-Unity Program in Family Violence at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Cronholm is an Associate Program Director and the Director of Community Programs for the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, coordinating and evaluating the didactic and experiential components of the community medicine curriculum for the department's residency program. Dr. Cronholm has served as Co-Chair of the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine’s Group on Violence Education and Prevention and is a member of the Board of Directors and past-Chair of the Education, Research and Scientific Programs Committee for the Academy of Violence and Abuse whose mission is to advance health education and research on the prevention, recognition, treatment and health effects of violence and abuse.
He is actively involved in community programs addressing family violence, having served as a Clinical Consultant, Director of the Men's Council on Family Violence, and a member of the Board of Directors for the Institute for Safe Families (ISF has worked to prevent family violence and to offer an alternative vision for wholeness, healing, family health, and personal empowerment). He has served on the Board of Directors for the Men’s Resource Center (founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1979 to provide counseling services for men going through transitions - including relational, anger management and domestic violence issues) and Women Organized Against Rape (WOAR - founded in 1971 and incorporated in 1973 WOAR is America’s first rape crisis center. WOAR is a non-profit organization in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania whose mission is to eliminate all forms of sexual violence through specialized treatment services, comprehensive prevention education programs, and advocacy for the rights of victims of sexual assault.).
Cronholm PF, Fogerty CT, Ambuel B, Harrison SL: Intimate Partner Violence Am Fam Physician 83 (10): 1165-72,2011.
Jaeger JR, Spielman D, Cronholm PF, Applebaum S, Holmes WC: Screening male primary care patients for intimate partner violence perpetration J Gen Intern Med 23 (8): 1152-6,2008.
Cronholm PF: Intimate Partner Violence and Men's Health Prim Care 33 (1): 199-209,2006.
Keeshin B, Cronholm PF, Strawn J: Physiologic changes associated with violence and abuse exposure: An examination of related medical conditions. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 13 (1): 41-56,2012.
Cronholm PF, Shea JA, Werner RM, Miller-Day M, Tufano J, Crabtree BF, Gabbay R: The Patient Centered Medical Home: Mental Models and Practice Culture Driving the Transformation Process J Gen Intern Med : 1-7,2013.
Gabbay RA, Friedberg MW, Miller-Day M, Cronholm PF, Adelman A, Schneider EC: A Positive Deviance Approach to Understanding Key Features to Achieving Diabetes Clinical Improvement in the Medical Home Ann Fam Med 11 (Suppl 1): S99-S107,2013.
Cronholm PF, Ellison W, Mazzella S, Witherspoon M, Bowman Lim J, Lapp T, Coleman G: Fathering agency staff members' perspectives on domestic violence perpetration Am J Men's Health 5 (1): 47-56,2011.
Cronholm PF, Bowman MA: Women with safety concerns report fewer gender-specific preventive healthcare services J Women’s Health 18 (7): 1011-8,2009.
Cronholm PF, Margo K, Bazelon G, Bream KDW, Bennett IM, Barg FK: Student attitudes: Potential barriers to implementing a community medicine field activity Fam Med 41 (1): 22-7,2009.
Tomoaia-Cotisel A, Scammon DL, Waitzman NJ, Cronholm PF, Halladay JR, Driscoll DL, Solberg LI, Hsu C, Tai-Seale M, Hiratsuka V, Shih SC, Fetters MD, Wise CG, Alexander JA, Hauser D, McMullen CK, Scholle SH, Tirodkar MA, Schmidt L, Donahue KE, Parchman ML, Stange KC: Context Matters: The experience of 14 research teams in systematically reporting contextual factors important for practice change Ann Fam Med 11 (Suppl 1): S115-S123,2013.
Nguyen GT, Cronholm PF: The annual female pelvic exam: Preventive time not well spent Am Fam Physician 87 (1): 8-9,2013.
Holmes N, Cronholm PF, Duffy AJ, Webner D: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use in American collegiate football players Clin J Sport Med 23 (4): 283-6,2013.
Cronholm PF, Ismailji T, Mettner J: Academy on Violence and Abuse: Highlights of Proceedings from the 2011 Conference, “Toward a New Understanding” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 14 (4): 271-281,2013.
Cronholm PF, Klusaritz H, Farhat N: Culturally Competent Approaches to Identifying and Responding to Intimate Partner Violence in Arab Communities Ann Fam Med : 2012.
Cronholm PF: Too much too late: Primary care frustrations Fam Med 45 (6): 434-5,2013.
Cronholm PF, Fogerty CT, Ambuel B, Harrison SL: Qualitative Benefits of Screening for Intimate Partner Violence Am Fam Physician 85 (10): Online,2012.
Webner D, DuPrey KM, Drezner JA, Cronholm PF, Roberts WO: Sudden cardiac arrest in United States marathons Med Sci Sport Exer 44 (10): 1843-5,2012.
Cronholm PF, Bair-Merritt MH: Physicians, healthcare providers, and domestic abuse In: The Encyclopedia of Domestic Violence and Abuse : 402-7,2013.
Cronholm PF, Bair-Merritt MH: Health effects of domestic abuse In: The Encyclopedia of Domestic Violence and Abuse : 195-7,2013.
Cronholm PF, Nicklin DE: Is spinal manipulation an effective treatment for low back pain? No: Evidence Shows No Clinically Significant Benefit Over Watchful Waiting Am Fam Physician 85 (8): 763-4,2012.
Strom BL, Schinnar R, Jones J, Bilker W, Weiner M, Hennessy S, Leonard C, Cronholm PF, Pifer E: Detecting Pregnancy Use of Non-hormonal Category X Medications in Electronic Medical Records J Am Med Inform Assn 18 : i81-6,2011.
Lenahan P, Reilly J, Crawford LK, Cronholm PF, Wong RY, Baldwin C, Metal M: Hard Lives: Trauma from Abuse and Violence In: Cinemeducation - Using Film and Other Visual Media in Graduate and Medical Education 2 : 216-36,2012.
Mao JJ, Cronholm PF, Stein E, Straton JB, Palmer SC, Barg FK: Spiritual change and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among cancer survivors Integr Cancer Ther 9 (4): 339-47,2010.
Ismailji T, Callahan M, Mettner J: Academy on Violence and Abuse, Highlights of Proceedings from the 2009 Conference: Sowing Seeds of Academic Change-Nurturing New Paradigms Trauma Violence Abuse 11 (2): 83-93,2010.
Cronholm PF, Lapp T, Cronholm LS: Dealing with perpetrators In: Family violence - What health care providers need to know : 199-207,2012.
Cronholm PF, Nguyen GT, Barg FK: The health service burden of "low-impact" Direct-to-Consumer Advertising Ann Fam Med : 2009.
Cronholm PF, Singh V: Health service collaborations in the engagement of intimate partner violence perpetration Ann Fam Med : 2009.
Cronholm PF, Barg FK, Pailler ME, Wintersteen MB, Diamond G, Fein JA: Adolescent Depression: Views of Health Care Providers in a Pediatric Emergency Department Pediatr Emerg Care 26 (2): 111-7,2010.
Nicholson JM, Cronholm P, Kellar LC, Stenson M, Macones GA: The association between increased use of labor induction and reduced rate of cesarean delivery J Women's Health 18 (11): 1747-58,2009.
Pailler ME, Cronholm PF, Barg FK, Wintersteen MB, Diamond GS, Fein JA: Adolescents' and Caregivers' Beliefs about Depression Screening and Referral in the Emergency Department Pediatr Emerg Care 25 (11): 721-7,2009.
Cronholm, PF, Straton JB, Bowman MA: Methodology and Outcomes of a Family Medicine Research Fellowship Acad Med 84 (8): 1111-7,2009.
Thornton E, Cronholm PF, McCray LW, Webner D: Does marathon training adversely affect baseline anxiety levels? J Am Med Athlet Assoc 21 (3): 5-13,2008.
Nicholson J, Caughey A, Stenson M, Kellar L, Cronholm PF, Bennett IM: The Active Management of Risk in Multiparous Women at Term: an association between a higher preventive labor induction rate and a lower cesarean delivery rate Am J Obstet Gynecol 200 (3): 134-40,2009.
McCray LW, Cronholm PF, Bogner HR, Gallo JJ, Neill RA: Resident physician burnout: Is there hope? Fam Med 40 (9): 626-32,2008.
Mao JJ, Palmer S, Straton JB, Cronholm PF, Keddem S, Knott K, Bowman MA, Barg FK: Cancer survivors with unmet needs were more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine J Cancer Surviv 2 (2): 116-24,2008.
Bream KDW, Margo K, Cronholm PF, Bennett IM, Barg FK: Building empathy? Reinforcing classism? An RCT of a mandatory community field experience in Family Medicine Teach Learn Med 20 (1): 84-5,2008.
Nicholson JM, Caughey AB, Stenson M, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF: The active management of risk in multiparous patients at term: an association between a higher preventive induction of labor rate and a lower cesarean delivery rate Am J Obstet Gynecol 195 (Suppl): S99,2006.
Straton JB, Bogner HR, Cronholm PF, Gallo JJ: Older primary care patients worry about advance care planning discussions J Am Geriatr Soc 51 (4): S154-5,2003.
Nicholson JM, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF, Macones GA: Active management of risk in pregnancy at term in an urban population: an association between higher induction of labor rates and lower cesarean delivery rates Am J Obstet Gynecol 189 (Suppl 1): S131,2003.
Cronholm PF, Pittman K: Domestic violence In: Essential Evidence : 2009.
Cronholm PF, Witherspoon M: Child abuse and neglect In: Essential Evidence : 2009.
Cronholm PF, Straton JB: Know what the basic statistical terms mean In: Avoiding common anesthesia errors : 852-7,2008.
Cronholm PF, Mao JJ, Nguyen GT, Paris RT: A dilemma in male engagement in preventive services: Adolescent Males’ Knowledge and Attitudes towards Testicular Cancer and Testicular Self-Exam Am J Men's Health 3 (2): 134-40,2009.
Barg FK, Cronholm PF, Straton JB, Keddem S, Knott K, Grater J, Houts P, Palmer SC: Unmet psychosocial needs of Pennsylvanians with cancer: 1986-2005 Cancer 110 (3): 631-9,2007.
Cronholm PF, Straton JB: Practical statistics for the ICU clinician In: Avoiding common ICU errors : 777-83,2007.
Cronholm PF, Straton JB, Jaeger JR: Intimate partner violence: Identification, treatment and associations with men's health In: Intimate Partner Violence - A Resource for Professionals Working with Children and Families : 285-302,2010.
Cronholm PF: Domestic Violence In: Essential Family Medicine [Student Consult], 3rd Edition : 2006.
Nicholson JM, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF: How to prevent caesarean deliveries deserves more study. [Comment] Brit Med J 330 (7494): 790,2005.
Bennett I, Cronholm P, Neill R, and Chism L: Confidential reproductive care for adolescents Am Fam Physician 69 (5): 1056-8,2004.
Cronholm PF, Straton JB: Chronic Pain In: In a Page - Symptoms and Signs : 34,2003.
Cronholm PF: Continuity Care and Domestic Violence Ann Fam Med : 2005.
Cronholm PF: The primary care management of intimate partner violence: A health services issue Ann Fam Med : 2005.
Cronholm PF: The importance of relapse [in domestic violence] Ann Fam Med : 2004.
Frosch DL, Krueger PM, Hornik RC, Cronholm PF, Barg FK: Creating demand for prescription drugs: A content analysis of television Direct-to-Consumer Advertising Ann Fam Med 5 (1): 6-13,2007.
Bogner HR, Wittink MN, Merz JF, Straton JB, Cronholm, PF, Rabins PV, Gallo JJ: Personal characteristics of older primary care patients who provide a buccal swab for Apolipoprotein E testing and banking of genetic material: the Spectrum Study Community Genet 7 (4): 202-10,2004.
Nicholson JM, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF, Macones GA: Active management of risk in pregnancy at term in an urban population: An association between a higher induction rate and a lower cesarean delivery rate Am J Obstet Gynecol 191 (15): 1516-28,2004.
Cronholm, PF: Chronic pain syndromes In: Musculoskeletal Medicine : 225-33,2003.
Cronholm PF, Bennett IM, Neill R: Effects of mandatory parental notification on adolescents' use of sexual health care services. [comment] JAMA 288 (23): 2970,2002.
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