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Caring for Mother and Baby

The goal of the Penn Perinatal Diabetes Program is to keep mother and baby healthy throughout the pregnancy. Whether you were diagnosed with gestational diabetes during your pregnancy or have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes prior to pregnancy, our team is here to support you every step of the way.


The Penn Perinatal Diabetes Program provides specialized care for women who develop diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) and women with a diagnosis of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes prior to pregnancy (pregestational diabetes). Our multidisciplinary team of maternal fetal medicine specialists, certified diabetic educators, nutritionist, social worker and nurses provide personalized care during your pregnancy. We offer a variety of obstetrical care services to address your diabetic and prenatal care needs.

Preconception Counseling

During this appointment you with meet with with a maternal fetal medicine specialist to prepare for your upcoming pregnancy. Together we will discuss optimal glucose targets and the importance of good glucose control to prevent complications during your pregnancy

Nutrition Support

A nutritionist and certified diabetic educator will meet with you to construct a meal plan to help keep your blood sugar levels in target range. In women with gestational diabetes, following meal plans can help reduce your need for medications to control your blood sugar levels. All women referred to our program will have an individualized session with our nutritionist. Additional visits can be requested.

Consultative Care and Ongoing Management

During your pregnancy you will meet with a maternal fetal medicine to discuss your prenatal care and fetal testing plan for pregnancy. During this visit, we will discuss diet, exercise and medication management based on your individual needs. You will then enroll in our weekly blood glucose management program. We use Epic based messaging and phone calls to review your blood sugars on a weekly basis and make additional recommendations to make sure your blood sugars are meeting our target goals to improve your pregnancy outcomes.

Ultrasound and Antenatal Testing

Our maternal fetal medicine specialists will perform a detailed anatomy ultrasound at 18-20 weeks and fetal echocardiogram to check for birth defects. We will also check the growth of your baby in the third trimester of pregnancy. Our antenatal testing unit performs nonstress tests and biophysical profiles in the third trimester to check on your baby’s health.

Delivery and Postpartum Care

Our maternal fetal medicine specialists will explain your individualized blood sugar and medication needs when you meet with them. During delivery and the postpartum period, your blood sugars will be monitored and medication adjustments will be made as needed. If you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, our maternal fetal medicine specialists will help you transition your care to your primary care physician or endocrinologist. If you have gestational diabetes, we will review the recommended postpartum screening; we will order your glucose testing and send you a reminder to complete the test several weeks after delivery.

In This Section

Treatment Team

Meet our perinatal diabetes treatment team.

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