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What is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer occurs when malignant (cancerous) cells grow inside the tissues of one or both of the testicles. The testicles are two acorn-shaped glands located inside the scrotum. They are responsible for testosterone and sperm production. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in young men between the ages of 20 to 35.

Testicular Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms of testicular cancer may be similar to symptoms of other conditions. If you have any of the following symptoms of testicular cancer, you should contact a Penn Medicine physician for a diagnosis.

  • Swelling or a lump in one or both testicles
  • A change in the way a testicle feels to the touch
  • Pain in the abdomen or groin
  • Fluid build up in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort in one or both testicles and the scrotum

Testicular Cancer and Fertility

Treatment for testicular cancer can cause infertility. Fertility Preservation (FP) services provide men information about how their cancer treatment may affect their fertility, as well as actions they may be able to take to preserve their fertility.

Penn Fertility Care offers advanced reproductive technologies specific to fertility preservation such as sperm banking. Penn Fertility Care is a pioneer and leader in the treatment, services and programs offered to patients who have become infertile due to the effects of cancer.