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Testicular Cancer Diagnostic Tools and Tests

Cancer specialists at Penn Medicine's Abramson Cancer Center are highly experienced in using the most advanced techniques for diagnosing testicular cancer and are actively researching better and more precise ways to detect testicular cancer.

Diagnosing Testicular Cancer

If physicians suspect testicular cancer, they perform a medical exam to examine for lumps, swelling, pain or anything else that seems unusual. Below are more tests that may be used to diagnose testicular cancer:

  • Blood tests. Blood tests are performed to detect tumor markers, substances released into the body by certain tumors.
  • Testicular ultrasound. A non-invasive procedure that creates images of structures inside the body and can show abnormal growths.
  • Surgery and biopsy. Surgery and biopsy are the only ways to be certain a man has testicular cancer. The abnormal testicle is removed and examined under a microscope to look for cancer cells.