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What is Prostate Cancer?

The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system located just below the bladder. The prostate is small, about the size of a walnut, and it produces fluid found in semen.

Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancerous (malignant) cells form in the tissues of the prostate. Prostate cancer is the third most common cause of cancer death in men over the age of 75. Prostate cancer is rarely found in men younger than 50.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

Prostate cancer symptoms may be similar to symptoms of other prostate conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostatitis, which are not cancer.

Men should consult with a physician if they experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Weak or interrupted flow of urine
  • Frequent urination (especially at night)
  • Trouble urinating
  • Pain or burning during urination
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • A pain in the back, hips, or pelvis that doesn't go away
  • Painful ejaculation

These symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so it is best to contact a Penn Medicine physician for an accurate diagnosis.

Prostate Cancer and Fertility

Treatment for prostate cancer can cause infertility. Fertility Preservation (FP) services can give men an opportunity to conceive later in life after they overcome health issues such as prostate cancer that may affect their fertility.

Penn Fertility Care offers advanced reproductive technologies specific to fertility preservation such as sperm banking. Penn Fertility Care has been a pioneer in the treatment, services and programs offered to patients who have become infertile due to the effects of cancer.