Men who develop cancer of the penis are more likely than other men to have certain risk factors for the disease. A risk factor is something that increases the chance of developing a disease.
There are several factors that can increase the risk of developing penile cancer.
Penile Cancer Risk Factors
Although the exact cause of penile cancer is unknown, certain factors can increase the risk of developing penile cancer:
- Age: Penile cancer is more common in men aged 60 and older
- HPV: Being infected with the human papilloma virus (HPV) has been shown to increase risk for penile cancer. The new HPV vaccine is now recommended for boys and girls in an effort to reduce the risk of penile and cervical cancer
- Tobacco use
- Having many sexual partners
- Having poor personal hygiene
This does not mean men who have one or more of these factors will develop penile cancer, but they should speak with a physician about their risk.
Penile Cancer Risk Assessment
If you have a condition that puts you at risk for penile cancer, you may benefit from consulting a physician to determine your risk.