Hodgkin Lymphoma Risks and Prevention

A risk factor is a characteristic that can make someone more likely to develop a disease. Some risk factors like age and sex cannot be modified or lowered. Having a risk factor, or even several, does not mean that you will get cancer.

Hodgkin Lymphoma Risk Factors

Though the cause of Hodgkin lymphoma is not completely clear, there may be some risk factors that increase a person's risk of developing Hodgkin lymphoma.

Risk factors include:

  • Age: Hodgkin lymphoma most commonly affects people aged 20 to 30, and older adults.
  • Immunosuppressed people: People who have other diseases of the immune system or take drugs that lower the immune system may be at an increased risk.
  • Viruses: Both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Epstein-Barr virus (which causes infectious mononucleosis or "mono") may play a role in the development of the disease, though it is not clear why.

Since Hodgkin lymphoma is rare and not clearly related to risk factors, there are no recommendations for prevention or screening at this time.