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Neurological Complications of Systemic Cancer

Neurologic problems are relatively common in patients with systemic cancers and the frequency of these complications increases because of aggressive therapies and prolonged patient survival. These complications are debilitating and their diagnosis can be difficult.

Prompt recognition of these neuro-oncologic problems can significantly improve patient outcomes. The neuro-oncology team is available for consultation and to help your doctor determine the cause of your neurologic problem and assist in treatment.

Penn Neurosurgical Spine Center

Common Neurologic Complications of Cancer

  • Metastasis to brain, spinal cord or nerves
  • Stroke caused by blood disorders such as increased tendency to form blood clots or to hemorrhage
  • Infections of the brain or the tissue covering the brain (meninges) in patients with cancer
  • Brain, spinal cord or nerve problems caused by metabolic and nutritional disorders
  • Side effects of treatment such as surgery, radiation, chemotherapy or other medications
  • Paraneoplastic syndromes (see specific section and research section)










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