Many things can make you more likely to develop back pain. Such risk factors
- Age. After age 30, the disks between your vertebrae begin to deteriorate
and grow thinner, which puts you at greater risk for disk herniation. The
disks also lose water, which puts you at risk for spinal stenosis.
- Genes. You may inherit certain structural abnormalities in your
spine or a have a genetic predisposition for back problems (for example,
many people in your family may have problems with back pain after a certain
- Lower pain threshold. Lots of people have spine problems, like bulging
disks. But not everyone experiences pain from them.
- Arthritis. The kind of arthritis that happens with age, called osteoarthritis,
can often affect the joints of the lower spine. Another common kind of arthritis,
called rheumatoid arthritis, can affect vertebrae, but usually in the neck,
rarely the lower back.
- Depression, stress, and unhappiness at home or work. These all make
you more likely to experience back pain. Depression also makes it more likely
for your back pain to become a long-term, ongoing problem.
- Pregnancy. The changes that happen in your body when you are pregnant
make you very susceptible to back pain. First, your weight redistributes.
Also, the ligaments in your pelvis purposefully loosen to get your body ready
to deliver a baby. Having a loose pelvis can last for weeks to months following
- Osteoporosis. A decrease in bone density (called osteoporosis) happens
as you age, especially after menopause. As you lose bone density, the bone
weakens and fractures become more likely. Tiny fractures in the vertebrae
from osteoporosis can cause back pain. Another possible outcome from loss
of bone strength is sudden collapse of a vertebra. This may be very painful.
- Certain occupations. Jobs that involve heavy lifting, forceful movements,
lots of bending or twisting, and whole body vibration (for example, long-distance
truck driving) place you at greater risk for low back pain.
- Lack of exercise. If you do not exercise regularly, you are more
likely to develop low back pain. This is especially true if you suddenly
attempt an activity that you haven't done in a long time. Shoveling snow
and moving furniture are common examples.
- Being overweight. Carrying around extra pounds puts additional stress
on your spine.
- Smoking. Cigarettes may put you at increased risk for back problems.
This may be because tobacco causes poor blood circulation. Or it may be because
when you smoke, you are more likely to have other bad habits, like not exercising.
Review Date: 4/6/2007
Reviewed By: Benjamin D. Roye, M.D., M.P.H., Orthopaedic Surgery, The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997-
A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.