COX-2 inhibitors are a special class of NSAIDs that block the body's production of a substance that causes inflammation and pain. They are less likely to cause stomach ulcers and gastrointestinal bleeding than other NSAIDS. COX-2 inhibitors are much more expensive than standard NSAIDs like ibuprofen. Celecoxib (Celebrex) is a COX-2 inhibitor.

Possible side effects

COX-2 inhibitors can cause the following side effects:

  • Heart attack and stroke. Several COX-2s have been taken off the market due to the risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events. The FDA asked the manufacturer of Celebrex to place a strong warning on its label to alert patients to the potential for such risks.
  • Stomach pain and diarrhea.
  • Poor kidney function, especially if you are over 65 years old. If you develop fluid build up, notify your doctor right away.
  • Negative interactions with medications for high blood pressure, heart disease, and seizures. Make sure that the doctor prescribing COX-2 inhibitors knows about all of the other drugs you are taking.
  • Rash.

People who should not use COX-2 inhibitors

If you are allergic to NSAIDs, sulfa drugs, or aspirin, you cannot take COX-2 inhibitors. Also, if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant in the near future, you should not use COX-2 inhibitors.

If you had a heart attack or have a history of blockages in your coronary arteries, ask your doctor if COX-2s are right for you. People with a history of other heart conditions or risk factors, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol, should use COX-2 inhibitors with caution.

References

US Food and Drug Administration. FDA Public Health Advisory: FDA Announces Important Changes and Additional Warnings for COX-2 Selective and Non-Selective Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs). Rockville, MD: Center for Drug Evaluation and Research; April 7, 2005.

 

Main Menu


Review Date: 4/6/2007

Reviewed By: Benjamin D. Roye, M.D., M.P.H., Orthopaedic Surgery, The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.


The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

adam.com

Related Links
Find an Orthopaedic Surgeon
Request an Appointment Online or call
1-800-789-PENN (7366)
Penn Orthopaedics
Encyclopedia Articles about Bones and Joints

 

   
   

 

About Penn Medicine   Contact Us   Site Map   Privacy Statement   Legal Disclaimer   Terms of Use

Penn Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 800-789-PENN © 2014, The Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania space