Metabolic syndrome also known as Syndrome X is the name given when people have several medical disorders at the same time. The syndrome includes:

  • Central obesity (an apple shape or a large waistline), where one's fat is localized around the middle
  • High blood pressure
  • High triglycerides
  • Low HDL-cholesterol
  • Insulin resistance (the body can't properly control blood sugar levels)

The diagnosis of metabolic syndrome is given if 3 or more of these factors occur. Exercise, weight loss, and nutrition changes can reduce the risks of metabolic syndrome and the likelihood of getting type 2 diabetes, stroke and heart disease.

Decreasing sodium intake, simple sugars, and low-fiber carbohydrates while adding fish and monounsaturated oils to the diet can improve triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, and blood pressure. Exercise and moderate calorie reduction can promote weight loss and decrease central obesity.

The more components that are improved, the fewer risks to your health.

 

Main Menu


Review Date: 5/1/2006

Reviewed By: Alan Greene, M.D., F.A.A.P., Department of Pediatrics, Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University School of Medicine; Chief Medical Officer, A.D.A.M., Inc.


The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

adam.com

Related Links

Find a Doctor:

-

Endocrinology

-

Diabetes

Request an Appointment Online or call
800-789-PENN (7366)
Endocrinology/Diabetes Services at Penn
Type 1 Diabetes Care Guide

Encyclopedia Articles:

-

Endocrinology

-

Diabetes

-

Metabolism

 

   
   

 

About Penn Medicine   Contact Us   Site Map   Privacy Statement   Legal Disclaimer   Terms of Use

Penn Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 800-789-PENN © 2014, The Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania space