Metabolic syndrome also known as Syndrome X is the name given when
people have several medical disorders at the same time. The syndrome includes:
- Central obesity (an apple shape or a large waistline), where one's fat
is localized around the middle
- High blood pressure
- High triglycerides
- Low HDL-cholesterol
- Insulin resistance (the body can't properly control blood sugar levels)
The diagnosis of metabolic syndrome is given if 3 or more of these factors
occur. Exercise, weight loss, and nutrition changes can reduce the risks of
metabolic syndrome and the likelihood of getting type 2 diabetes, stroke and
Decreasing sodium intake, simple sugars, and low-fiber carbohydrates while
adding fish and monounsaturated oils to the diet can improve triglycerides,
HDL-cholesterol, and blood pressure. Exercise and moderate calorie reduction
can promote weight loss and decrease central obesity.
The more components that are improved, the fewer risks to your health.
Review Date: 5/1/2006
Reviewed By: Alan Greene, M.D., F.A.A.P., Department of Pediatrics, Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University School of Medicine; Chief Medical Officer, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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