To keep an eye on potential complications of diabetes, people with diabetes
must have regular health check-ups and tests. These will continue through adult
life. Here is a general program of continuing care recommended by the American
|Every 3 to 6 months
Regular doctor visit -- the doctor will check weight and
blood pressure. (Doctor visits should be more frequent if diabetes is
not yet controlled.)
Hemoglobin A1c test -- this lab test shows the average
amount of glucose that has been in the blood over the last 3 months.
It is an indicator of how well the diabetes is being controlled. (Again,
this should be done more often if diabetes is not yet controlled.)
Kidney exam -- this urine test looks for "microalbumin" levels,
and it should begin at puberty once the person has had diabetes at least
Eye exam -- starting at age 10, all children with diabetes
should have eyes checked once a year.
Foot exam -- the doctor should check pulse, reflexes, calluses,
infections, and sores once a year. (Adults with high-risk foot conditions
should be checked more frequently.)
|Every 5 years
HDL/cholesterol test -- for adults, this test should be
done every year, and more often if being treated for high cholesterol.
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practice guideline. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2006;45(5 suppl):S1-S66.
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2007. 46th ed. New York: Lange Medical Books/McGraw-Hill, 2007.
Review Date: 5/10/2007
Reviewed By: Robert Hurd, MD, Professor of Endocrinology, Department of Biology, Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
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