Type 1 diabetes is a condition where glucose levels in the blood are too high. To manage diabetes, insulin must be used daily and lifestyle carefully planned. The good news is that with proper management, a person with diabetes can live a full, active, healthy life.

This guide supplements the instructions from your doctor and will help you become an expert.

I. Let's Get Started
Step 1: Taking charge
Step 2: What is diabetes?
Step 3: Symptoms of diabetes
Step 4: Diagnosing diabetes
II. Managing Diabetes - The Basics
Step 5: Your management program
Step 6: Use insulin every day
Step 7: Follow a meal plan
Step 8: Monitor blood glucose
Step 9: Exercise is important!
III. Becoming an Expert
Step 10: Recognize medical emergencies
Step 11: Long-term complications
Step 12: Maintain regular check-ups
Step 13: The healthcare team

Learn More

Glucose monitoring: New and upcoming testing devices

Healthy eating for people with diabetes

Intensive blood glucose management

Research underway: Transplant procedures


Helpful Handouts

Insulin schedule

Emergency warning signs


References

Aljahlan M, Lee K-C, Toth E. Diabetic cheiroarthropathy may be a clue to more serious complications. Postgrad Med. February 1999:99-101.105-106.

American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(suppl 1):542-547.

Camilleri M. Clinical practice, Diabetic gastroparesis. N Engl J Med. 2007;356:820-829.

Carlsson S, Tesfamarian MT, et al. Age overweight and physical activity increase the risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults: Results from the Nord-Trondelog Health Study. Diabetologia. 2007;50:55-58.

Diabetes Control and Complications Trial Research Group. The effect of intensive treatment of diabetes on the development and progression of long-term complications in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. N Engl J Med. 1993;329:977-986.

Eisenbarth GS. Immunogenetics/immunopathogenesis of type 1a diabetes. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2003;1079:109-118.

González-Quintero VH, Istwan NB, Rhea DJ, Rodriguez LI, Cotter A, Carter J, et al. The Impact of Glycemic Control on Neonatal Outcome in Singleton Pregnancies Complicated by Gestational Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2007;30:467-470.

Hollister DS, Brodell RT. Finger 'pebbles.' A dermatologic sign of diabetes mellitus. Posgradt Med. 2000;107:209-210.

Innocenti GR, Wadei HM, Prieto M, et al. Preemptive living donor kidney transplantation: Do the benefits extend to all recipients? Transplantation. 2007;83:144-149.

Ratner E. An update on the Diabetes Prevention Program. Endocr Pract. 2006;12(suppl 1):20-24.

Ryan EA, Paty VW, Senior PA, et al. Five year follow-up after clinical islet transplantation. Diabetes. 2005;54:2060-2069.

Slama G, Elgrably F, Kabir M, Rizkalla SW. Role of low-glycemic-index foods in improving overall glycemic control in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients and correcting excessive postprandial hyperglycemia. Horm Metab Res. 2006;38:465-468.

 

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Review Date: 5/10/2007

Reviewed By: Robert Hurd, MD, Professor of Endocrinology, Department of Biology, Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.


The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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