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Chemotherapy


Definition:

The term chemotherapy is used to describe cancer-killing drugs. Chemotherapy may be used to:

  • Cure the cancer
  • Shrink the cancer
  • Prevent the cancer from spreading
  • Relieve symptoms the cancer may be causing
Alternative Names:

Cancer chemotherapy; Cancer drug therapy; Cytotoxic chemotherapy

References:

Collins JM. Cancer pharmacology. Niederhuber JE, Armitage JO, Doroshow JH, et al., eds. Abeloff's Clinical Oncology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2013:chap 29.

National Cancer Institute. Chemotherapy and you: support for people who have cancer. Available at: www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/coping/chemotherapy-and-you. Accessed May 29, 2014.

Perry MC. Approach to the patient with cancer. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 182.


Review Date: 5/29/2014
Reviewed By: Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Editorial update: 09/09/2015.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2002 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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