If you find a small, hard lump (like a pea), have an enlarged testicle, or notice any other differences that do not seem normal, see your health care provider right away.
Call your health care provider if:
- You cannot find one or both testicles -- the testicles may not have descended properly in the scrotum
- There is a soft collection of thin tubes above the testicle -- this may be a collection of widened veins (varicocele)
- You have pain or swelling in the scrotum -- this may be an infection or a fluid-filled sac (hydrocele) causing a blockage of blood flow to the area
Sudden, severe (acute) pain in the scrotum or testicle that lasts for more than a few minutes is an emergency. If you have this type of pain, seek medical attention right away.
A lump in the testicle is often the first sign of testicular cancer. If you find a lump, see a health care provider right away. Most testicular cancers are very treatable. Keep in mind that some cases of testicular cancer do not show symptoms until they reach an advanced stage.