Search Encyclopedia:    
List of Topics Print This Page
 

Pupil - white spots


Definition:

White spots in the pupil is a condition that causes the pupil of the eye to look white instead of black.

Alternative Names:

Leukocoria

Considerations:

The pupil of the human eye is normally black. In flash photographs the pupil may appear red. This is called the "red reflex" by health care providers and is normal.

Sometimes, the pupil of the eye may appear white, or the normal red reflex may appear to be white. This not a normal condition, and you need to see an eye care provider right away.

There are many different causes of white pupil or white reflex. Other conditions also can mimic white pupil. If the cornea, which is normally clear, becomes cloudy, it may look similar to a white pupil. Although the causes of a cloudy or white cornea are different from those of a white pupil or white reflex, these problems also need medical attention right away.

Cataracts may also cause the pupil to appear white.

Causes:
Home Care:

Most causes of white pupil will cause decreased vision. This may often occur before the pupil appears to be white.

Detecting a white pupil is especially important in infants. Babies are unable to communicate to others that their vision is decreased. It is also harder to measure an infant's vision during an eye exam.

If you see a white pupil, make an appointment with your health care provider right away. Well-child exams routinely screen for a white pupil in children. A child that develops a white pupil or cloudy cornea needs immediate attention, preferably from an eye specialist.

When to Contact a Medical Professional:

Contact your health care provider if you notice any color changes in the pupil or cornea of the eye.

What to Expect at Your Office Visit:

The health care provider will do a physical exam and ask questions about your symptoms and medical history.

The physical exam will include a detailed eye examination.

The following tests may be performed:

Other tests may that be done include a head CT or MRI scan.

References:

Shields, C. Retinoblastoma. In: Tasman W, Jaeger EA, eds. Duane's Ophthalmology. 2013 ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2013:vol 3; chap 35.

Yanoff M, Cameron D. Disease of the visual system. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 431.

Olitsky SE, Hug D, Plummer LS, Stass-Isern M. Examination of the eye. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 611.


Review Date: 1/30/2014
Reviewed By: Franklin W. Lusby, MD, Ophthalmologist, Lusby Vision Institute, La Jolla, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2002 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

   View History
  Pupil - white spots

Related Links
Request an Appointment Online or call
1-800-789-PENN (7366)
Cataract - adult
Cloudy cornea
   
   

 

About UPHS   Contact Us   Site Map   Privacy Statement   Legal Disclaimer   Terms of Use

The University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, PA 1-800-789-PENN © 2014, The Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania