Most of the time, microcephaly is discovered during a routine exam. Head measurements are part of all well-baby exams for the first 18 months. Tests take only a few seconds while the measuring tape is placed around the infant's head.
The health care provider will keep a record over time to determine:
- What is the head circumference?
- Is the head growing at a slower rate than the body?
- What other symptoms are there?
It may also be helpful to keep your own records of your baby’s growth. Talk to your health care provider if you notice that the baby’s head growth seems to be slowing down.
If your health care provider diagnoses your child with microcephaly, you should note that in your child's personal medical records.