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Caladium plant poisoning


Definition:

This article describes poisoning caused by eating parts of the Caladium plant and other plants in the Araceae family.

This article is for information only. DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poisoning from a Caladium plant. If you or someone you are with has eaten one of these plants, call your local emergency number (such as 911) or the National Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222.

Alternative Names:

Alocasia plant poisoning; Angel wings plant poisoning; Colocasia plant poisoning; Heart of Jesus plant poisoning; Texas Wonder plant poisoning

Poisonous Ingredient:

The poisonous ingredients are:

  • Calcium oxalate crystals
  • Asparagine, a protein found in the plant

Note: All parts of the plants are poisonous if large amounts are eaten.

Where Found:

Caladium and related plants are used as houseplants and in gardens.

Symptoms:

Symptoms from eating parts of the plant or from the plant touching the eye include:

  • Burning in the mouth or throat
  • Damage to the outer clear layer (cornea) of the eye
  • Diarrhea
  • Eye pain
  • Hoarse voice
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Swelling and blistering in the mouth or tongue

Blistering and swelling in the mouth may be severe enough to prevent normal speaking and swallowing.

Home Care:

If the plant was eaten, wipe out the mouth with a cold, wet cloth, and give the person milk to drink. Call poison control for more treatment information.

If the eyes or skin touched the plant, rinse them well with water.

Before Calling Emergency:

Have this information ready:

  • The person's age, weight, and condition
  • Name of the plant and parts eaten
  • Amount swallowed
  • The time it was swallowed
Poison Control:

The National Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222) can be called from anywhere in the United States. This national hotline number will let you talk to experts in poisoning. They will give you further instructions.

This is a free and confidential service. All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. You should call if you have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention. It does NOT need to be an emergency. You can call for any reason, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

What to Expect at the Emergency Room:

Take the plant with you to the hospital, if possible.

The health care provider will measure and monitor the person's vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure. Symptoms will be treated. The person may receive:

  • Additional eye flushing or washing
  • Intravenous fluids (through a vein)
  • Medicines to treat symptoms
Outlook (Prognosis):

People who do not have a lot of mouth contact with the plant are usually fine within a few days. People who have more mouth contact with the plant may take longer to recover.

References:

Auerbach PS. Wild plant and mushroom poisoning, In: Auerbach, PS. Medicine for the Outdoors. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2016:Part IV, 374-404.

Graeme, KA. Toxic plant ingestions. In: Auerbach PS, ed. Wilderness Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2011:chap 64.

Hostetler MA, Schneider SM. Poisonous plants. In: Tintinalli JE, Kelen GD, Stapczynski JS, Ma OJ, Cline DM, eds. Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 6th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2004:chap 205.

Shofner JD, Kimball AB. Plant-induced dermatitis. In: Auerbach PS, ed. Wilderness Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2011:chap 63.


Review Date: 7/14/2015
Reviewed By: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2002 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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