Diet and Breast Cancer
Extra body weight and weight gain are clearly linked to increased risk for women developing breast cancer after menopause. Alcoholic beverage intake is also a factor.
To reduce risk of breast cancer the American Cancer Society (ACS) recommends:
- Regular physical activity
- Minimize weight gain through life
- Consume a diet rich in vegetables and fruits
- Avoid or limit intake of alcoholic beverages
Diet and Prostate Cancer
The ACS recommends the following lifestyle choices to reduce prostate cancer risk:
- Eat at least 2 ½ cups of a wide variety of fruits and vegetables each day
- Be physically active
- Achieve and maintain a healthy weight
Your doctor may suggest that you limit your use of calcium supplements and not exceed the recommended amount of calcium from foods and beverages.
Diet and Colon or Rectal Cancer
The ACS recommends the following to reduce colorectal cancer risk:
- Limit intake of red and processed meat
- Eat more fruits and vegetables
- Avoid excess alcohol consumption
- Eat recommended amount of calcium and get enough Vitamin D
- Avoid obesity and buildup of belly fat
- Engage in higher intensity physical activity for longer periods
- Get regular colorectal screenings based on your age and health history
Diet and Stomach or Esophageal Cancer
The ACS recommends the following lifestyle choices to reduce stomach and esophageal cancer risk:
- Eat at least 2 ½ cups of fruits and vegetables daily
- Lower your intake of processed meats, smoked, nitrite-cured, and salt-preserved foods
- Get regular physical activity
- Maintain a healthy body weight
Recommendations for Cancer Prevention
The American Institute for Cancer Research’s ten recommendations for cancer prevention include:
- Be as lean as possible without becoming underweight.
- Be physically active for at least 30 minutes every day.
- Avoid sugary drinks. Limit consumption of energy-dense foods.
- Eat more of a variety of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes such as beans.
- Limit consumption of red meats (such as beef, pork and lamb) and avoid processed meats.
- If consumed at all, limit alcoholic drinks to 2 for men and 1 for women a day.
- Limit consumption of salty foods and foods processed with salt (sodium).
- Don't use supplements to protect against cancer.
- It is best for mothers to breastfeed exclusively for up to 6 months and then add other liquids and foods.
- After treatment, cancer survivors should follow the recommendations for cancer prevention.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans – www.choosemyplate.gov
The American Cancer Society is an excellent source of information on cancer prevention. www.cancer.org
The American Institute for Cancer Research www.airc.org and www.aicr.org/new-american-plate/
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics provides sound dietary advice on a wide range of topics. www.eatright.org
The National Cancer Institute's CancerNet is a government gateway to the accurate information on cancer prevention. www.cancer.gov