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Fusion of the ear bones


Definition:

Fusion of the ear bones is the joining of the bones of the inner ear -- the incus, malleus, and stapes bones.

See also:

Causes:

Fusion may be caused by:

  • Birth (congenital) defect
  • Infection
  • Injury
Symptoms:

Fusion of the bones leads to hearing loss, because the bones are not moving and vibrating in reaction to sound waves.

References:

Torres AI, Backous DD. Clinical assessment and surgical treatment of conductive hearing loss. In Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al. eds. Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 143.

House JW, Cunningham CD III. Otosclerosis. In Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al. eds. Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 144.


Review Date: 9/30/2012
Reviewed By: Seth Schwartz, MD, MPH, Otolaryngologist, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2002 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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