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Pyogenic granuloma


Definition:

Pyogenic granulomas are small, raised, and red bumps on the skin. The bumps have a smooth surface and may be moist. They bleed easily because of the high number of blood vessels at the site.

Alternative Names:

Lobular capillary hemangioma

Causes:

The exact cause of pyogenic granulomas is unknown. They often appear following an injury on the hands, arms, or face.

Pyogenic granulomas are common in children.

Symptoms:

Signs of a pyrogenic granuloma are:

  • A small red lump on the skin that bleeds easily
  • Often found at the site of a recent injury
  • Usually seen on hands, arms, and face, but they may develop in the mouth (most often in pregnant women)
Exams and Tests:

Your health care provider will do a physical exam to diagnose this condition. 

You may also need a skin biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment:

Small pyogenic granulomas may go away suddenly. Larger bumps are treated with:

Outlook (Prognosis):

Most pyogenic granulomas can be removed. A scar may remain after treatment. There is a high chance that the problem will come back if the whole granuloma is not destroyed during treatment.

Possible Complications:

These problems may occur:

  • Bleeding from the granuloma
  • Return of the condition after treatment
When to Contact a Medical Professional:

Call your health care provider if you have a skin bump that bleeds easily or that changes appearance.

References:

Habif TP. Vascular tumors and malformations. In: Habif TP, ed. Clinical Dermatology. 5th ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby; 2009:chap 23.

North PE, Kincannon J. In: Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL, Schaffer JV, et al., eds. Dermatology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 114.


Review Date: 11/20/2014
Reviewed By: Richard J. Moskowitz, MD, dermatologist in private practice, Mineola, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2002 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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