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Blind loop syndrome


Definition:

Blind loop syndrome occurs when part of the intestine becomes bypassed. Digested food slows or stops moving through part of the intestines. This causes bacteria to grow too much in the intestines and leads to problems in absorbing nutrients.

Alternative Names:

Stasis syndrome; Stagnant loop syndrome

Causes, incidence, and risk factors:

The name of this condition refers to the "blind loop" formed by the bypassed intestine. This blind loop does not allow digested food to flow normally through the intestinal tract.

When a section of the intestine is affected by blind loop syndrome, the bile salts needed to digest fats become ineffective. This leads to fatty stools and poor absorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins. Vitamin B12 deficiency may occur because the extra bacteria that develop in this situation use up all of the vitamin.

Blind loop syndrome is a complication that occurs:

Diseases such as diabetes or scleroderma may slow down movement in a segment of the intestine, leading to blind loop syndrome.

Symptoms:
Signs and tests:

During a physical examination, the doctor may notice a mass in, or swelling of, the abdomen. Possible tests include:

Treatment:

Treatment generally starts with antibiotics for the excess bacteria growth, along with vitamin B12 supplements. If antibiotics don't work, surgery to help the food flow through the intestine may be considered.

Expectations (prognosis):

Many patients get better with antibiotics. If surgical repair is needed, the outcome is usually very good.

Complications:
Calling your health care provider:

Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of blind loop syndrome.

References:

Semrad CE. Approach to the patient with diarrhea and malabsorption. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 142.


Review Date: 2/19/2012
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2002 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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