The goals of treatment are to:
- Treat the illness that is causing the problem, if possible
- Provide supportive care to maximize independence
- Control symptoms (this may include controlling blood sugar levels for diabetics, nutritional supplementation, or medically treating conditions)
To improve independence, treatments may include:
- Occupational therapy
- Orthopedic help (for example, appliances such as wheelchairs, braces, and splints)
- Physical therapy (for example, exercises and retraining to increase muscle strength)
- Vocational therapy
Safety is an important consideration for people with sensation or movement difficulties. Lack of muscle control and decreased sensation may increase the risk of falls or injuries. Safety measures for people with movement difficulty include:
- Having adequate lighting (including leaving lights on at night)
- Installing railings
- Removing obstacles (such as loose rugs that may slip on the floor)
- Testing water temperature before bathing
- Wearing protective shoes (no open toes or high heels)
Check shoes often for grit or rough spots that may injure the feet.
People with decreased sensation should check their feet (or other affected area) often for bruises, open skin areas, or other injuries that may go unnoticed. These injuries may become severely infected because the pain nerves of the area are not signaling the injury.
People with mononeuropathy multiplex are prone to new nerve injuries at pressure points such as the knees and elbows. They should avoid putting pressure on these areas, for example by not leaning on the elbows, crossing the knees, or holding similar positions.
Medications that may help include:
- Over-the-counter pain medicines (ibuprofen or acetaminophen) or prescription pain medications may be needed to control pain (neuralgia).
- Anticonvulsants (gabapentin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, or pregabalin) or antidepressants (amitriptyline, nortriptyline, or duloxetine), may be used to reduce stabbing pains.
Whenever possible, avoid or minimize the use of medications to reduce the risk of side effects.
Positioning (the use of frames to keep bedclothes off of a tender body part) and other measures may help control pain. Autonomic symptoms can be difficult to treat or may respond poorly to treatment.