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Erysipeloid


Definition:

Erysipeloid is inflammation of the skin (dermatitis) due to bacteria.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors:

Erysipeloid is caused by the bacteria, Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. This type of bacteria is found in fish, birds, mammals, and shellfish. It usually affects people who work with these animals (such as farmers or butchers).

Symptoms:

The main symptom is warmth, tenderness, and redness on the skin.

Treatment:

Antibiotics, especially penicillin, are used to treat this condition.

Expectations (prognosis):

The infection rarely spreads. It may get better on its own.

References:

Habif TP. Bacterial infections. In: Habif TP, ed. Clinical Dermatology. 5th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:chap 9.


Review Date: 11/20/2012
Reviewed By: Kevin Berman, MD, PhD, Atlanta Center for Dermatologic Disease, Atlanta, GA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2002 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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