Some people are more likely to be given antibiotics. These include pregnant women, people who have received a kidney transplant, children with vesicoureteral reflux, and those with infected kidney stones.
Giving antibiotics to persons who have long-term urinary catheters in place may cause additional problems. The bacteria may be harder to treat and a yeast infection may develop.
This condition should be treated if it is discovered before a urinary tract procedure. This may help prevent complications. The type of treatment will depend on the person's risk factors.